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Molecular characterization of the interaction between human IgG and the M-related proteins from Streptococcus pyogenes


  • Proctor, Emma-Jayne
  • Frost, Hannah R.
  • Satapathy, Sandeep
  • Botquin, Gwenaëlle
  • Urbaniec, Joanna
  • Gorman, Jody
  • De Oliveira, David M.P.
  • McArthur, Jason
  • Davies, Mark R.
  • Botteaux, Anne
  • Smeesters, Pierre
  • Sanderson-Smith, Martina


Journal of Biological Chemistry, Volume 300, Issue 2, 2024-02-29

Article Link: Click here

Group A Streptococcal M-related proteins (Mrps) are dimeric α-helical-coiled-coil cell membrane-bound surface proteins. During infection, Mrp recruit the fragment crystallizable region of human immunoglobulin G via their A-repeat regions to the bacterial surface, conferring upon the bacteria enhanced phagocytosis resistance and augmented growth in human blood. However, Mrps show a high degree of sequence diversity, and it is currently not known whether this diversity affects the Mrp–IgG interaction. Herein, we report that diverse Mrps all bind human IgG subclasses with nanomolar affinity, with differences in affinity which ranged from 3.7 to 11.1 nM for mixed IgG. Using surface plasmon resonance, we confirmed Mrps display preferential IgG-subclass binding. All Mrps were found to have a significantly weaker affinity for IgG3 (p < 0.05) compared to all other IgG subclasses. Furthermore, plasma pulldown assays analyzed via Western blotting revealed that all Mrp were able to bind IgG in the presence of other serum proteins at both 25 °C and 37 °C. Finally, we report that dimeric Mrps bind to IgG with a 1:1 stoichiometry, enhancing our understanding of this important host–pathogen interaction.